Shaanxi Province is high in the north and South and low in the middle. It is composed of plateau, mountain, plain and basin. The Loess Plateau accounts for 40% of the total land area of Shaanxi Province. It spans the Yellow River and the Yangtze River and three climatic zones. The Great Wall in northern Shaanxi belongs to the middle temperate monsoon climate, most of Guanzhong and Northern Shaanxi belong to the warm temperate monsoon climate, and the south of Shaanxi belongs to the north subtropical monsoon climate.
Shaanxi is one of the important birthplaces of the Chinese nation and Chinese culture. There are 14 regimes such as the Western Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang Dynasties, which established their capital in Shaanxi.

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