Known as Shule in ancient times, Kashi Prefecture is located in the southwestern part of Xinjiang, borders the Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tajikstan to its southwest and west respectively, and covers an area of 162 thousands square kilometers, with a population of over 300 ten thousands. It has one city(Kashi) and eleven counties (Shule, Shufu, Yangisar, Yuepuhu, Jiashi, Shache, Zepu, Yecheng, Markit, Bachu, and Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County) under its jurisdiction. Kashi is the abbreviation for Kashar. During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Kashi was surpreme headquarters of Ban Chao for administering the Western Regions. In the Tang Dynasty, here was one of the four garrisons of Anxi. Now it is the capital of the prefecture. Kashi Prefecture has a continental climate of the temperate zone. The prefecture is abundant in products and resources. Its highway network has taken shape, and the railway has reached Kashi. The Kunjirap Port, a Class-1port of the state, is located in the prefecture.

The most famous scenic spots and historical sites in Kashi Prefecture are Islamic architectures, Central Asian Market, etc. Well-known quality local products are fig, megranate, Jiashi melon, almond, and so on.

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